In the Old Testament, myrrh is regarded as a costly gum and oil and was used in both the greatest forms of worship and the biggest events in recorded history. Myrrh is included in many of the key events in the Bible. It was a key ingredient in the Holy Anointing oil. Moses was instructed to use the most excellent spices and combine only the best. Queen Esther bathed in myrrh oil for six months before being presented to the king. Myrrh was a gift brought to Jesus at his birth by the three wise men, and Nicodemus brought myrrh to treat the body of Jesus before his burial. Myrrh was also used abundantly in the Bible for many different things pertaining to everyday life. It was a precious commodity, a perfume, an incense, food, a gift, a pain reliever, and was commonly used in burial preparations. Its natural properties made it effective for cleaning and healing wounds.